Updated: Jul 7
Qvevri (also spelled as Kvevri) are clay vessels of Georgia that are designed specially to be buried underground. They are similar to the Tinajas of Spain and the amphorae of Rome. But Qvevri are the only vessels that are meant to be buried underground. Thousands of years ago, these vessels used to store everything starting from cheese to grain and are available in a wide range of sizes. In recent times, these vessels are not only utilized for storing food but have also become a crucial and significant part of the traditional wine making procedure of Georgia. The spread of qvevri wine making outside the regions of Georgia were in regions such as the United States, Austria, Italy and Slovenia. Georgia, along with Armenia is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world. The families of winemakers have preserved various traditional techniques of qvevri wine in the home. In the year 2013, UNESCO at the process of qvevri wine making to the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The flavour of these one is totally dependent on the varieties of the Grapes along with various other factors which also includes the length of fermentation. The producers of wine like to utilise qvevri for the tannic complex and quality along with adding a little mineral flavour to the wines. The winemakers that belong to the regions that are located outside of Georgia use qvevri for the production of wines with the local grapes such as ribolla, syrah and cabernet sauvignon. The typical red variety of Georgia known as saperavi is produced as a wine which is either sweet wine or a dry red wine that is about 3 years old.