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Red wine and its potential in atherosclerotic lowering

Updated: Nov 16, 2022



Introduction

There is no doubt that drinking red wine with appropriate measures helps individuals with several healthy benefits but this study helps to bring attention to red wines. It seems red wines are really helpful and full of antioxidants which significantly has atherosclerotic lowering potential.


Discussion

As per observations daily alcohol consumption has no side effects where drinkers consume these alcohols for less than a week and it also did not affect atherogenesis. The alliance between regular alcohol intake and early atherogenesis which is considered as incident carotid atherosclerosis was J shaped where light drinkers face lower risks than compared to heavy drinkers. It seems with a healthy dietary pattern and by taking high quality nutrients the chances of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease have been reduced (Chassot et al., 2018). Whereas, Red wine grape pomace or RWGP is considered as a rich natural source of dietary fibre and antioxidants that help them to fight with other cardiovascular diseases.

As justified by Scolaro and Castro (2020), critical cellular components of atherosclerotic lesions are considered endothelial cells, platelets, in leukocytes and in smooth muscle cells. As red wines are extracted from grapes which contain a good number of polyphenols such as catechins, derivatives and resveratrol. These components help to maintain several biological impacts by consuming red wine. Red wines help to maintain free radical scavenging, full of antioxidants and anti-aggregatory that help human bodies to fight with any kind of disease. Most importantly, these antioxidants and diet supplements which humans receive from red wines help them to protect their different tissues where flavonoids help to reduce oxidation and all these interfere with atherosclerotic plaque development.


Conclusion

Therefore, it can be said that a perfect dose of red wine helps to prevent the chances of atherosclerosis which adds many risk factors in the human body. These risk factors include high cholesterol and triglyceride levels whereas it also increases high blood pressure, obesity and increases the chances for diabetes.


References:

Chassot, L.N., Scolaro, B., Roschel, G.G., Cogliati, B., Cavalcanti, M.F., Abdalla, D.S. and Castro, I.A., (2018). Comparison between red wine and isolated trans-resveratrol on the prevention and regression of atherosclerosis in LDLr (−/−) mice. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 61, pp.48-55.


Scolaro, B. and Castro, I.A., (2020). Red wine and atherosclerosis: Implications for the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean Diet, pp.537-544.

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